In this commentary, I’ve made assumptions based on my meditations and thoughts on this chapter in Genesis. These are purely my own and none others. Eden was meant by God to be the perfect home for humanity, therefore, all things were provided for them, including the food they and the animals would eat. Since the inhabitants of Eden would require certain nutrients for life (as God had made them), all food provided had to have those essential nutrients. The forbidden tree (the tree of the knowledge of good and evil), however, apparently was different.

Bible Study Tools Bible Versions NIVGenesis 3
Genesis 3 (New International Version)

The Fall of Man
1 Now the serpent was more crafty than any of the wild animals the LORD God had made. He said to the woman, “Did God really say, ‘You must not eat from any tree in the garden’?”

2 The woman said to the serpent, “We may eat fruit from the trees in the garden,

3 but God did say, ‘You must not eat fruit from the tree that is in the middle of the garden, and you must not touch it, or you will die.’ ”

4 “You will not surely die,” the serpent said to the woman.

5 “For God knows that when you eat of it your eyes will be opened, and you will be like God, knowing good and evil.”

6 When the woman saw that the fruit of the tree was good for food and pleasing to the eye, and also desirable for gaining wisdom, she took some and ate it. She also gave some to her husband, who was with her, and he ate it.

7 Then the eyes of both of them were opened, and they realized they were naked; so they sewed fig leaves together and made coverings for themselves.

8 Then the man and his wife heard the sound of the LORD God as he was walking in the garden in the cool of the day, and they hid from the LORD God among the trees of the garden.

9 But the LORD God called to the man, “Where are you?”

10 He answered, “I heard you in the garden, and I was afraid because I was naked; so I hid.”

11 And he said, “Who told you that you were naked? Have you eaten from the tree that I commanded you not to eat from?”

12 The man said, “The woman you put here with me–she gave me some fruit from the tree, and I ate it.”

13 Then the LORD God said to the woman, “What is this you have done?” The woman said, “The serpent deceived me, and I ate.”

14 So the LORD God said to the serpent, “Because you have done this, “Cursed are you above all the livestock and all the wild animals! You will crawl on your belly and you will eat dust all the days of your life.

15 And I will put enmity between you and the woman, and between your offspring and hers; he will crush your head, and you will strike his heel.”

16 To the woman he said, “I will greatly increase your pains in childbearing; with pain you will give birth to children. Your desire will be for your husband, and he will rule over you.”

17 To Adam he said, “Because you listened to your wife and ate from the tree about which I commanded you, ‘You must not eat of it,’ “Cursed is the ground because of you; through painful toil you will eat of it all the days of your life.

18 It will produce thorns and thistles for you, and you will eat the plants of the field.

19 By the sweat of your brow you will eat your food until you return to the ground, since from it you were taken; for dust you are and to dust you will return.”

20 Adam named his wife Eve, because she would become the mother of all the living.

21 The LORD God made garments of skin for Adam and his wife and clothed them.

22 And the LORD God said, “The man has now become like one of us, knowing good and evil. He must not be allowed to reach out his hand and take also from the tree of life and eat, and live forever.”

23 So the LORD God banished him from the Garden of Eden to work the ground from which he had been taken.

24 After he drove the man out, he placed on the east side of the Garden of Eden cherubim and a flaming sword flashing back and forth to guard the way to the tree of life.

Commentary:

God made the Garden of Eden to house his creations of plants, animals and humanity. Here, he planned for all of them to live together, in perfect harmony. Food was provided for all; much of this food was likely nothing like what we have today. All of it was created to provide all nutrition for man and animal, therefore, neither had to hunt and kill each other for nourishment; all creatures lived together and were used to each other. Man was the caretaker, so to speak, and the animals were as companions for him.

There must have been some type of communication between the animals and man, that each understood the other, whether through actual speech as we know it, or some other means that enabled them to ‘converse’ and commune with each other. Since God created man and placed him in Eden as caretaker, and since it was intended as a paradise for him, it’s reasonable to assume that communication in some form would be available for man to fulfill his duty. Indeed, in Gen. 3:1, when the serpent spoke to Eve, she was not shocked nor surprised in any way, and replied to his query as though it was a normal conversation.

And it’s this very conversation that would lead to the downfall of all mankind. Satan, in his twisted desire to destroy man, God’s creation, used the serpent to mislead, deceive and bait, the woman. “Did God really say, ‘You must not eat from any tree in the garden’?” he asks, seemingly guileless. Of course, he already knew God had not said such a thing. This was a ploy, a misdirection by which he opens this momentous conversation, and to set into motion his plan for man’s destruction. Innocently, and unknowingly, she responds, …”We may eat fruit from the trees in the garden, but God did say, ‘You must not eat fruit from the tree that is in the middle of the garden, and you must not touch it, or you will die.’ ”

And here is the opening, satan was waiting for…”You will not surely die,”, he says (can you picture him, with an incredulous look, and hear the slight sneer in his voice?)
5 “For God knows that when you eat of it your eyes will be opened, and you will be like God, knowing good and evil.” And that’s the bait, the deception: the omission of the entire truth that gets her to doubting the Lord’s Word and thinking about disobeying a direct command from Him.

6 When the woman saw that the fruit of the tree was good for food and pleasing to the eye, and also desirable for gaining wisdom, she took some and ate it. She also gave some to her husband, who was with her, and he ate it.

Misdirection, misleading, deception and bait. All wrapped up in two short sentences, and plenty enough to get mankind right into the position satan wanted him; separated from God and in a world where he rules and calls all the shots (well, enough of them to torment man, anyway). On further thought, there is thievery, too. Satan ‘stole’ mankind from God, in a sense. As punishment, God banishes Adam and Eve from the Garden, placing cherubim and a flaming sword to keep them out.

Now they are in the world ruled by the father of all lies…satan, himself. Where before, God had mankind to himself with an intimate, close relationship they both enjoyed, now man is separated from Him, and must toil to keep himself clothed and fed, things that he didn’t have to bother with before. These concerns now keep his mind occupied and away from any relationship with his Creator. And God is occupied with what is going on with man on the earth. The Old Testament is full of his reaching out to man many, many times, being rejected countless times, but all isn’t lost, as there were righteous people such as Abraham, Moses, et al. And through such people, He has a mighty plan for the redemption of mankind and to bring his creation back to Himself, in an even more perfect world. A world totally devoid of any ‘fallen angels’, sin or corruption.

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